So many of my favorites come with fall. Cooler weather, fire pit nights with neighbors, college football, apples, pumpkins, leaves that change color, Halloween, Thanksgiving, and Monarchs. Fall, for so many reasons, is my favorite time of the year. What has made it even more fun for me is the annual Monarch Migration to Mexico. Here in Olathe, Kansas, the peak of this migration hits around the middle of September. We’re so excited to see some Monarchs!!!
To celebrate, and educate, about this amazing Monarach migration phenomenon, the Pollinator Prairie in Olathe (320 S Black St. Olathe, KS 66061) will be hosting their annual “Hasta Luego Monarchs” event on Saturday, September 22nd from 9:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. This free event is great for kids of all ages!!! This year, Parsons’ Gardens will be partnering with the Pollinator Prairie to host a Native Plant Fundraiser Sale. We’ll be set up from 9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. / or until sold out, and for each plant sold, we’ll donate $2.50 to support the Pollinator Prairie!!! For more info, check out the flyers below. Looking forward to a great event! – Jay Parsons
As the days grow shorter and the nights get colder, fall is fading away as winter starts to take center stage. With the first day of winter upon us, Christmas right around the corner, and the beginning of a New Year soon to follow, many of us are caught up in the hustle of the season. But, before I get completely immersed in the winter season, I wanted to take one last moment to remember my favorite season of the year, before it bids us farewell.
Fall has been my favorite season for as long as I can remember. As a kid, I could remember how much I loved the start of a new school year, watching football with the family, playing outside with the neighbor kids in the cool autumn air, and getting excited for all of the Halloween and Thanksgiving festivities. So many great memories.
As I look back on many of these memories, I’m amazed at how many of them include the sights and smells and sounds of fallen leaves. Before long, I’m taken back to moments where leaves weren’t seen as those dreaded things that clog up your gutters or make a mess of your lawn. Instead, these fallen leaves provided my friends and me with the materials needed to make a giant leaf pile… the kind all of your buddies would want to dive into. I can remember at times getting so excited when we would get the chance to rake leaves into giant piles. It didn’t seem like a chore, but rather a game.
I’m not sure when it started, but my dad would gather up the leaves we’d rake up and put them in a big pile beside his garden. He’d use some thin garden fencing he had to construct a simple “leaf cage” so the leaves wouldn’t blow away. It was a simple pile, nothing fancy, but boy would it grow. In the following spring and summer, he would use these leaves to create the base for his compost pile. The next spring, after the grass would start to green up and grow, my dad would catch some clippings while he mowed, and add it to the leaves to help get his compost pile started. It didn’t take long before the leaves and grass clippings started to heat up and decompose, helping to create some rich, homemade, compost for his garden.
As a gardener now myself, my perspective on fall leaves has changed. I no longer see them as just a mess to clean up, but rather a great source of organic material that can be used to make mulch and compost. Over the years I’ve learned one of the most efficient ways to collect and reuse these “nature treasures” is to set the rake aside, and use our lawn mower. Here are some simple things I do to shred, collect, and use these leaves in our garden and landscaping.
First, I put on the side shoot attachment to our lawn mower. If your current lawn mower doesn’t have one you can instead raise the height of your mower all the way to its highest setting. What I like about the side shoot is it enables the mower to cut up the leaves and then spread them over to another area to the side so they can be easily mowed over again. I like to make a few passes over the yard like this, making sure the side shoot is aimed toward the grass areas and not the landscaped areas.
Once the leaves have been mowed over a few times, I take off the side shoot attachment and put the mower’s bag on. If I have a lot of leaves I will leave the height the same… if there are fewer leaves I’ll lower the mower down a few notches. As I mow over the leaves again to pick them up in the bag, they get one final cut. After a pass or two, the bag will need to be emptied and I simply dump the leaves into a sturdy trash barrel and return the bag and continue mowing. Once the barrel is full, I’ll carry it back to the leaf pile where I’ll dump them out.
I’ll use these shredded leaves as mulch in our raised garden beds, as well as around our native wildflowers and grasses. I’ve found that when I add a 3-4 inch layer of these shredded leaves to these areas before winter, the soil stays evenly watered while keeping early weed seeds at bay. Adding an additional layer in June also ensures a good coverage throughout the hot summer months that will continue to retain the soil’s moisture, keep the soil cool, while also slowly adding organic nutrients to the soil as they decompose. Not only that, but this leaf layer helps to create the perfect environment for earthworms and soil microbes to be active and beneficial to surrounding plants!
The remainder of the leaves in our leaf pile will be used in our compost pile and will help to create some pretty amazing soil amendments that we’ll use in our garden and on our lawn.
We are excited to support the Pollinator Prairie’s “Hasta Leugo Monarchs!” event on Saturday, September 16 from 9:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m – 320 S. Blake St. Olathe, KS. This is a free event that’s great for kids of all ages! We have donated 30 Swamp Milkweed plants that will be given away at the “Bringing Nature Home” tent. We planted these plants from seed in early June and they are ready to help create wildlife habitat in someone’s outdoor space. Be sure to stop by to grab one before they’re gone!
Have questions about Milkweed? Not sure which varieties to grow in your outdoor space? Wondering how you can be apart of this year’s Monarch migration? Simply complete the fields below… and share your questions with us… we’d love to help!!!
So much going on this time of year. Just celebrated Father’s Day… Spring turned into Summer… lots of people saying, “I do!” June only has thirty days, but what it lacks in time it sure makes up for in opportunities. For me, as an elementary teacher, I’ve grown to appreciate the month of June as like the Saturday of Summer vacation, a time for transitioning, a slow down, and a time for getting stuff done. Just like any good Saturday, June can offer a reprieve from the normal grind and a chance to focus on other things. Although, for many, June is a busy month… it’s “Go Time!” The workload seems to have no end and so too the days. The old saying, “busy as a bee,” never seemed more fitting.
Ah, a perfect segue! “Busy as a bee,” a familiar idiom that can be traced back to Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, way back to the late 1300s. But even before Chaucer’s day, civilizations have noticed and appreciated these “busy” bees. As early as 650 B.C., ancient Egyptians kept bees and even moved them along the Nile river to follow the fields in bloom. The bees not only made the sweet honey the Egyptians so loved, but were also helping to pollinate their food crops. Talk about multitasking! Fast forward to today, and you’ll discover that the Honey bee continues to play a critical role, right here in the United States. Many of our food crops, like California Almonds, require pollinators to visit their flowers, capture their pollen on their bodies, and redistribute it to other almond blossoms. Without the Honey bee, millions of Almond blossoms would not be pollinated and never produce their seeds, the almonds. Due to the shear number of Almond trees in need of pollination, honey bees are shipped out to California in February, much like the Egyptians did on the Nile river, to assist with the Almond bloom. Once they are finished with this busy job of pollinating the Almond blossoms, these bees will be loaded back onto trucks once more to travel across the country to their next “pollination job.” Without the help of these nonnative pollinators, we would see a significant decline in some food crops around the country and world.
The task of pollination isn’t exclusive to the Honey bee though. Many native bees, birds, butterflies, ants, moths, wasps, beetles, animals, and other flying insects, all play apart in pollination. We rely upon them for so much, but due to several of the challenges they face each day, many pollinator species are in need of our help!
National Pollinator Week, established by the U. S. Senate on September 21, 2006, was first recognized during the week of June 23-30, 2007. Overwhelming evidence and support for greater education and action prompted this resolution. It is believed by many that pollinators play an important role in providing as much as 1/3 of every bite of food we eat. But, due to habitat loss and pesticide use, many of these pollinators are in danger. They need our help… and we need theirs! So, what do we do? The fix is pretty simple, but far from easy.
A movement has begun in the U.S. by many farmers, ranchers, businesses, organizations, churches, schools, and homeowners, to do two simple things. First, add pollinator friendly habitat within our outdoor spaces, and second, reduce, and in some cases eliminate, the use of pesticides. See, not so difficult… but for many, we are left without a clue on how to add this pollinator friendly habitat to our outdoor spaces.
A great place to start is by checking out the Million Pollinator Garden Challenge initiated by the National Pollinator Garden Network.
If you are like me, you probably still have many questions, but are up for the challenge. If you’re not sure where to start we’d love to help! We have added pollinator friendly habitat to our landscape and garden areas and would love to share our knowledge and experience with you about how you can too. By simply adding some native wildflowers and grasses to your outdoor space, you can add critical habitat for many pollinators. Contact us and let us know how we can help you… help the pollinators!!!
I find myself reacting to things differently as I get older. One would expect that someone in their late 30s would have a decent level of maturity… especially when around children. I keep surprising myself with the composure I can wield around my students at times when funny things happen, but, on occasion, I find myself acting as if I never grew past four years old. Like when you walk into the teachers’ lounge and there are doughnuts sitting out, waiting to be eaten, or that moment when your favorite song comes on the radio while driving home from a long day, there is a joy that surges up from somewhere inside you and you can’t help but smile, like the kind of smile that makes your cheeks hurt, and you express your deep excitement by blurting out a “Wooo!” or “Yes!” or my favorite, “Yeah Buddy!” while simultaneously fist pumping. It’s as if you’ve forgotten there are other people around… because at that moment it doesn’t matter. Well, this such occurrence happened to me yet again on Wednesday, April 12.
After leaving the gym to head up for lunch around 11:30 a.m. I looked out the window to see if the recess equipment was out for students to play with during their upcoming recess. As I did I instantly saw a flash of orange that caught my eye and I noticed a kindergartner running after what appeared to be an orange butterfly. As I walked outside to take a closer look I realized it was a Monarch butterfly. I instantly yelled, “It’s a Monarch!” which got the attention of several students close by. I said, “You guys keep watching it… I’ll be right back!” I quickly ran back inside and grabbed my cell phone with the hope of catching a quick pic. As I walked briskly back out onto the playground, and around a corner of the building I saw that one of the kindergarten students did keep an eye on the Monarch and pointed to which way it went. I waited for a moment and found it again, flying across the grass that connects our school property and the adjacent park. I walked as fast as I could, without running, because running after a butterfly at my age would be way over the top. After a couple of moments of slowing to a stop and waiting, the Monarch found a dandelion to land on and I was able to get close enough to snap this grainy picture…
As I checked my phone to see if I was successful, the Monarch caught a warm breeze and was off again. My cheeks were squeezed in a big smile as I discovered I got the pic! Walking back to school I realized how crazy I must have looked had someone been watching. But just like finding doughnuts in the lounge or hearing my favorite song come on the radio, it didn’t matter what anyone thought, because seeing my first Monarch butterfly of the year has become one of these things for me.
It didn’t take long before I had another “Monarch Moment,” as I’ve started calling them. On Friday, April 14th, as I was spending time with our kids out in our backyard after school I saw another Monarch flying overhead. I whipped out my phone and was able to snap this picture…
But, what made this encounter so grand was that as I watched this Monarch flying around us, she started flying lower around some of our Purple Milkweed plants that had emerged from dormancy only a couple weeks earlier. To my surprise, the Monarch started to lay eggs. So, as you can imagine, I was frozen with excitement. I kept thinking “Nah ah!” as she continued to lay egg after egg. I knew I was watching something special. This female Monarch butterfly had made the long flight back from overwintering in Mexico and was now laying some of her final eggs on our Milkweed!!! After about five minutes of pure amazement, I was able to take this picture…
Wow!!! She laid eggs on several of our Milkweed plants we had planted in our backyard and even found many of the potted Milkweeds we are preparing to sell at the Market. I’m sure I missed a few, but the count I came up with is 23-24 eggs in all!
As I reflect upon these “Monarch Moments,” I can’t help but think about how glad I am that we had Milkweed available for this weary female Monarch to lay her eggs on. I kept thinking… where would she have gone had she not found our Milkweed… would she have had the energy left to look? I don’t know the answers to these questions, but I know that our Milkweed was just what she was looking for. This is what fuels our passion as we add Milkweed to our backyard and to as many spaces as we can. Monarchs need our help. They are looking for Milkweed and finding it in fewer places. To help stop, and even reverse this trend, it’s as simple as adding more Milkweed to our outdoor spaces. If you are interested in helping the Monarchs click this link Milkweed for Monarchs to see what we are growing and selling this year. If you are interested in creating a Monarch butterfly garden, then our Monarch Magnet Butterfly Garden is perfect for you! Simply click this link, Monarch Magnet Butterfly Garden, to learn more! Oh, and the eggs have hatched, and now we have our first Monarch caterpillars of 2017!
Contact us and let us know if you have any questions… here’s to many more “Monarch Moments” this year! – Jay Parsons
The Perennial Plant Association has named Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) the Perennial Plant of the Year for 2017. This native perennial wildflower has become one of our favorites for its size, shape, color, length of bloom time, low maintenance nature, and ability to attract all sorts of bees and butterflies to our outdoor space. You may have seen these bright orange flowers basking in the sun around town before. Their bright orange color makes them easy to spot from May to July, and they compliment so many other native plants as well. When going turkey hunting each year in May, I keep my eyes open for a certain field whose corner has been allowed to grow wild. If I’m lucky, and the timing is just right, I can see a magnificent Butterfly Weed in full bloom growing 20 or so yards away from the fence line. Surrounded by various shades of green, this orange eye candy pops off the landscape, just like the Golden Arches, beckoning numerous pollinators to pay it a visit. With so many great characteristics, and widespread availability in local nurseries and home improvement stores, it’s no wonder why Butterfly Weed has become such a popular addition to so many gardens and landscapes… as well as earning the title of top perennial plant in America for 2017.
Not only is Butterfly Weed a top notch native nectar source, it is also a member of the Milkweed family. Monarch butterflies rely solely on Milkweed for their survival since it is the only family of plants the Monarch will use as their larval host. In our experience, Butterfly Weed isn’t the Monarch’s Milkweed of choice, rather preferring instead to lay their eggs on other types of Milkweed… like Common and Swamp. However, we have found a few Monarch eggs and caterpillars on the Butterfly Weed plants in our backyard. It is an easy plant to grow when planted in dry to medium soils in full sun. Butterfly Weed doesn’t like it supper wet, and if you have heavy clay, like so many of us do, Butterfly Weed can struggle. To help with this, we prepare our spaces by first digging up and loosening the soil down to about a foot deep and then lightly amending the soil with the compost we’ve made using our fall leaves and grass clippings. These two important steps enable the soil to drain well while also allowing for faster root growth. Due to its tap root, Butterfly Weed becomes very drought resistant while also becoming difficult to transplant successfully. Preparing the site is an important part in making Butterfly Weed a happy camper in your outdoor space. With a little planning and preparation, Butterfly Weed can find a happy home in your outdoor space as well.
One way to add Butterfly Weed to your own outdoor space is by growing it from seed. This of course takes time and patience, but can also be a fun learning experience, especially for those who have kids. One note of caution, Milkweed plants, and their seeds, are toxic and should not be ingested. While working with our own kids we use extra care to ensure none of the seeds wind up in their mouths. Below you’ll find the steps we use in preparing our Butterfly Weed seeds when using the “Paper Towel” method of cold stratification. Our one year old daughter Elsie agreed to lend a hand and join in on the fun for this one.
We begin by purchasing our seed packets from a local garden center. Many large home improvement stores have Butterfly Weed among the seeds they have for sale. For each seed packet you’ll need one paper towel, one quart sized resealable plastic bag, and a sticky note or small strip of paper and tape. I also recommend using a spray bottle with water, a cookie sheet, and a regular old pencil, for you’re when ready to label your bag(s).
Once you get set up, start by spraying the paper towel with water. You want to get it damp, but not dripping wet. Open up a seed packet and pour out all of the seeds on one half of the paper towel. I usually spread them out so they aren’t overlapping each other.
Next, we spray the seeds until their damp… but be careful… your young assistant might turn the spray bottle on you!
We then fold the paper towel over and spray the top a few more times before patting the two layers together, ensuring good contact between the seeds in the middle and the outside paper towel.
After that, we carefully slide the paper towel into the quart sized bag, seal it up, and place a label on the outside. The bag will then go into our fridge for 30 days in an attempt to “trick” the seeds into thinking it’s winter. This process is called cold, moist stratification, and many native plants require a cold dormancy period before they will germinate. We check the bag(s) about once a week to ensure they are staying damp and if any of the seeds have started to germinate we’ll plant those as soon as possible.
Once 30 days have passed the seeds are ready to plant. We simply remove the paper towel from the bag, spray the seeds with warm water, and plant them in our seed starting trays. For better germination success, place your planted seeds in a warm place and continue to spray the soil with water when needed. Once seeds have sprouted, give them as much light as you can. We place our seed trays on a seedling heating mat and under fluorescent lights for the first month or two, continuing to mist and water as the new seedlings start to take off. Once plants have grown a few inches, and had a chance to grow their first few sets of leaves, plants are ready to transplant into a larger pot and begin the hardening off process where plants transition from growing inside to outside.
If growing Butterfly Weed, or other native plants, from seed interests you and you’d like more information on how to get started, we’d love to help. If you’d rather skip the work of growing your own plants we can sell you some of ours and let you take all the credit. Contact us and let us know how we can serve you. Join the movement… more Milkweed… more Monarchs!!!
Two summers ago, while weeding along our backyard fence, I noticed a small Common Milkweed plant growing. Now, for most gardeners, this discovery would initiate a sudden “weed jerk” reaction. For decades, Milkweed has been seen as an unwelcome guest to the backyard landscape due to its size, growth habit, and appearance. I can understand this perspective, but I do believe that Milkweed has gotten a bad reputation and been greatly misunderstood by many of us. Plus its name alone doesn’t do itself any favors.
When I talk to people about Milkweed I’m amazed at how many have such a strong dislike for this native wildflower. These negative sentiments remind me of another plant. In Dr. Seuss’ movie The Lorax, the mayor of Thneedville sings about the Truffula tree and how the town should just “let it shrivel up and die.” Milkweed has faced similar treatment over the years and we are now noticing the devastating consequences. Sure, every species of Milkweed is toxic to animals and humans and should be handled with care. Because of this, many farmers and ranchers have worked hard to eradicate Milkweed from their land. Again, I can’t blame them. If I were a farmer or rancher I too would do everything in my power to keep Milkweed out of the reach of my livestock. Unfortunately, there are many farms and ranches across the Midwest, leaving many Milkweed plants to face this same fate. These large tracts of land are also being heavily sprayed with herbicides to keep the weeds at bay in crop fields. Not only that, but every time a new shopping center or neighborhood is created, the vegetation is first plowed under, leaving hardly a remnant of what once grew there. For the past several years, Milkweed has been hit on all fronts.
So, why does it matter? Why are so many Americans so passionate about this native wildflower? Why does Parsons’ Gardens grow, sell, plant, and advocate for the Milkweed plant with such passion? The answer is simple… its all about the Monarch butterfly. Milkweed is the only larval host the Monarch butterfly has. The Monarch’s survival is 100% dependent upon Milkweed. The way of the Monarch is determined by what we do with Milkweed… no Milkweed… no Monarchs… it’s that simple. Like so many others, I believe one of the best ways we can stop and even reverse the Monarch’s population decline is by simply planting more Milkweed in each of our own outdoor spaces. According to the 2012 Census of Agriculture, 40% of land in the U.S. is farmland. If you just look at the Midwestern counties, between 70-90% of all land is considered farmland. 2012-census-of-agriculture-highlights This doesn’t leave much land for Milkweed, but if we each viewed our outdoor spaces as welcome places for Milkweed, we would be well on our way to saving the Monarch butterfly.
We chose not to pull this “weed” and instead allowed it to have the space it held in our backyard landscape. Due to this decision, we’ve enjoyed watching it grow and provide food for over 12 Monarch caterpillars so far, as well as producing seed for us to use in growing even more Milkweed for Monarchs. If you’d like to help the Monarchs by adding some Milkweed to your outdoor space, we’re here to help. Simply contact us, we’d love to help get you started today!
– Jay Parsons
* Photo – While on a road trip to Nebraska to visit family, we stopped along a roadside off of I-29 in Iowa to feed baby Elsie. Daniel and I decided to go on a short walk and explore the Common Milkweed plants growing in the ditch along the gravel road. After turning over a few leaves… there it was… a tiny Monarch caterpillar! We found one… I could not have planned it any better even if I had tried. Daniel was so excited that he didn’t mind posing for a picture with his new little friend. (June, 2015)
So what’s the big deal about native plants? Why are so many Americans choosing to plant natives in their landscapes? Why are native plants so important to the survival of so many insects and other wildlife? The answer is simple, but not an easy one to digest. So let me start off by saying that when I think about native plants, I think about BBQ. I know what you’re thinking, but before you dismiss my comparison… give me a chance to explain.
We live in the Kansas City area, so BBQ is a way of life. We love everything about it. The smells, the flavors, the preparation, and the competition. We each have our favorite BBQ joints and closely guarded recipes. We debate over sauce and rub and which meat is the best. But after all is said and done, the one thing that remains is that we all agree that KC BBQ is the best. It’s sweet and smokey and simply amazing… everything you could ever want! However, Kansas City BBQ is not the only BBQ out there. There are other types, with each one having their own unique style, flavor, ingredients, and regional following. Whether we’re talking about Carolina, Kansas City, Memphis, Texas, or the many other styles of BBQ, each type is passionately loved by the masses who identify with its culture and tradition. Some simply might say it’s all just BBQ, but to overgeneralize something so tied to tradition and location, means we lose the roots from which each style comes. It’s more than just BBQ, its a regional fingerprint that perfectly fits its past and its people.
It’s the same way with plants. Each type of plant fits into a region where it connects with other species to create a living community. As we start to identify each of the living species, or “ingredients” within this living community, we begin to notice a regional recipe. It’s in these where we begin to understand not only how each region is unique, but also allows us to see the significant role that each species plays. The regional recipes help define the habitats and ecosystems from which insects and animals find their food, raise their young, and make their homes. Just as BBQ has regional styles that are made unique by their ingredients, native plants are the main ingredients that help set each region apart from the others.
For decades, we have been adding plants to our gardens and landscapes that are not part of the regional recipe in which they are located. It’s not that these nonnative plants are bad, but when we add too many of them, and not enough of our natives, the regional recipe changes. If we are not paying attention, the recipe can change so much that we begin to lose the regional identity and often times lose species as well. A perfect example of this is the Milkweed plant and the Monarch butterfly. Due to our farming, gardening, and landscape practices and choices, we have changed the Central & Midwestern regional recipes to the point where Milkweed plants have become scarce. The Monarch butterfly is directly impacted by the loss and as a result their population has faced a staggering decline.
The bottom line is this… each species of insect relies upon certain types of plants to survive. Without these plants, these insects wouldn’t be around to feed the many bird and mammal species that rely upon them. So, it all points back to the plants, the ingredients, that make up the regional recipes. For it’s the regional recipes that combine and connect everything together in their own unique ways. It’s when we go back to the roots, the original regional recipes, that we can find just the right ingredients to make each distinct ecosystem come alive. That’s our goal… to plant the native trees, shrubs, flowers and grasses that will help return our outdoor spaces to their original regional recipes. Who’s with me?
– Jay Parsons
* Photo – A newly emerged Monarch butterfly resting on Common Milkweed after we tagged and released it in our backyard. Preparing some pork ribs for a BBQ competition we participated in. (October, 2016)